Islamic State overview

10-9-14   TEL AVIV – NATO member Turkey is providing direct intelligence and logistical support to the ISIS terrorist organization, according to a senior Egyptian security official speaking to WND.

The official said Egypt has information Turkish intelligence is passing to ISIS satellite imagery and other data, with particular emphasis on exposing to ISIS jihadists the positions of Kurdish fighters and the storage locations of their weapons and munitions.

http://www.wnd.com/2014/10/turkey-providing-direct-support-to-isis/

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9-22-14  http://www.wnd.com/2014/09/isis-turkeys-tool-for-re-establishing-caliphate/

10-10-14  http://www.wnd.com/2014/10/source-secret-deal-could-doom-160000-to-isis/

10-10-14  http://www.wnd.com/2014/10/turkey-accused-of-training-isis-soldiers/

9-13-14  http://qz.com/265286/why-arab-militaries-would-not-bring-much-firepower-to-the-coalition-against-isil/

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9-20-14  Emile Hokayem, Senior Fellow for Regional Security at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, said: “Some of these networks are already mature. They can go underground and operate differently.”  He said it would“certainly be beneficial” if the funding could be disrupted but accused the authorities in Kuwait and Qatar of allowing jihadist fundraisers to operate with impunity for years.

“The gulf states were complacent about this – that is being charitable,” he said. “At times they turned a blind eye on those activities.”  Now it may be too late for cutting funds from “charitable”groups and others to make much of an impact, he said.  These mature and sophisticated networks are capable of moving money around via a series of“shell companies”, to hide their true aims.  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/qatar/11111332/Qatar-faces-growing-pressure-over-terror-funding.html

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7-7-14   Colin Clarke, author of an upcoming book titled Terrorism Inc: The Funding of Terrorism, Insurgency, and Irregular Warfare says much of the cash now pouring into ISIL and other violent groups comes from three regional sources.

“A key component of support to Sunni extremist groups [including ISIL] comes from wealthy individuals in the Arab Gulf states of Kuwait, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia,” Clarke told VOA, adding “The majority of donors likely know exactly where their money is going. Some are blatant about it, while others enjoy the plausible deniability of ambiguity.”  http://www.voanews.com/content/islamist-insurgency-fueled-by-global-finance-web/1952337.html

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10-1-14  ISIL has been financially self-sufficient for at least eight years (harking back to when it was called al Qaeda in Iraq) by virtue of engaging in tremendously successful criminal activity enterprises on the ground in Iraq. According to a November 2006 U.S. government assessment cited in the New York Times, AQI and other groups had created a self-sustaining insurgency in Iraq, raising $70 million to $200 million a year from illegal activities alone.  http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/show-me-the-money-targeting-the-islamic-states-bottom-line

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9-24-14  ISIL seized control of parts of Syria’s oil production, created a de facto capital in Raqqa, Syria and extended its control to Fallujah and Ramadi in early 2014. It subsequently captured MosulU.S.-made arms and vehicles, $429 million in cash from the Mosul central bank, the Mosul Dam and surrounded the cities of Kirkuk and Erbil. ISIL has since lost control of the Dam to Kurdish Peshmerga forces, which have also driven ISIL away from Erbil. The Peshmerga are also holding their ground inside Kirkuk against ISIL positions outside of the city.

Currently, ISIL controls one of Iraq’s largest oil refineries (in Baiji), in addition to other large oil fields.Estimates put ISIL’s strength at between 15,000 and 25,000 fighters, with a daily income of between one and four million dollars from black-market oil sales.

Most important, as Charles C. Caris and Samuel Reynolds have reported, “ISIS has built a holistic system of governance that includes religious, educational, judicial, security, humanitarian, and infrastructure projects.” ISIL generally builds courts when first entering an area, as these are the least foreign to the population, and after militarily consolidating an area, it moves towards stricter religious rule and education. Additionally, ISIL offers humanitarian aid, food-stuffs, as well as water and electricity repair (through its military successes it has acquired the necessary heavy equipment to fix water and power lines).

It is critical to note, however, that this new system of governance is specific to Iraq’s Sunni population. Non-Sunni Muslims, other ethno-religious groups, former government officials and uncooperative Sunnis, are threatened, coerced or killed in an effort to ensure their compliance with ISIL rule. By way of example, ISIL issued an ultimatum to Christians in Mosul: convert, pay a religious tax (jizya), or die. As a result non-Sunni ethnic and religious groups flee areas that have come under ISIL control or are threatened by ISIL.  http://prospect.org/article/isil-iraq-and-syria-why-military-action-won%E2%80%99t-do-trick

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